Luban History

A brief biography of Luban ( 鲁班 )

Lu Ban (Chinese: 鲁班) (507440 BC) was a famous Chinese carpenter and inventor, a legendary figure in carpentry. He was an outstanding civil engineer and craftsman in Chinese history. He was born around 507BC in the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period (770–426 BC). His real name was Gongshu Ban - his family name was as Gongshu, and Ban was his given name; but he was more commonly known as Lu Ban (as a citizen of the state of Lu).   

 

Lu Ban, with hereditary skills as carpenter, was born in a renowned artisan family. Lu Ban worked in a lot of building projects with the family and received rich practical experiences since he was young. According to the book of ancient, he invented many notable tools which is still being used by carpenters today. Among them were carpenter's square (a tool used by carpenters to measure right angles), carpenter’s ink marker (a tool used by carpenters to draw straight lines), saw (to cut through material, most often wood), chisels (to cut or shape wood, stone, metal, or other hard materials) and many more. Lu Ban also created cloud ladder (a mobile counterweighted siege ladder) for the state of Chu, which could be used to attack towns fortified with tall walls, as well as grappling hooks and ram (boat implements used during on a naval warfare). Other than that, Lu Ban invented Flying Wooden Bird which is the prelude of today's airplane (a non-powered flying wooden bird which could stay in the air for three days, and was suggested to be a proto-kite), and he made a wooden horse carriage which is the earliest recorded form of an "automobile".

 

It is alleged that Lu Ban's wife invented the first umbrella and ban qi (nail a small piece of wood on the bench to prevent the wood from moving forward when plane wood); while his mother invented ban mu (a hook at the end of the string when using a carpenter’s ink marker).

There are many more legendary stories of Luban being well-respected and sung highly by the people. His craftwork has been circulated for thousands of years, earning him great esteem.

Legend of Luban has enriched the Chinese History.

Lu Ban is the patron saint of Chinese builders and contractors. His wisdom in matters of carpentry is highly honoured. The inventing of these tools had freed the carpenters from primitive and burdensome work and made the work much more efficient. The carpenter work was brought into a new age. To memorize his greatness, he is called The Father of Chinese

Carpentry. The 13th day of every June of the lunar calendar is said to be master Lu Ban's birthday. It is an important festival for carpenters. Among the Chinese people, all professions related to architecture, such as carpenters, stonemasons, bricklayers, other construction industry and furniture manufacturers worship Lu Ban as the founder of their profession. Lu

Ban is a role model that everyone looks up to, his persistence and perseverance are applauded, while his noble spirits and passions in building and creation are saluted.

 

《鲁班。小传》

鲁班姓公输,名般,生于公元前五零七年,春秋时鲁国人,般与班同音,故称鲁班。是春秋末期技术高超,最优秀的土木建筑专家。

他出生于世代相传的土木工匠家庭,自小刻苦耐劳,不怕艰难,在不断地劳动实践中,累积了丰富的经验,并有许多发明和创造。据古书记载,木工使用的曲尺,墨斗,键子,锯,凿子等,都是鲁班发明的。鲁班曾为楚国制造攻城的云梯,水战用的钩拒,在战争中发挥了很大作用。他曾制造了能在天空飞翔的木鸟,制造了能自动行走的木马车。

相传木工用的“班妻”,“班母”,和伞,是鲁班的母亲和妻子发明的。

关于鲁班传说的民间故事,家喻户晓,丰富了源远流长的中华文化。例如:鲁班学艺,鲁班石,国国笼子,……不胜枚举。业的伟大及崇高的精神。

为了纪念鲁班的丰功伟绩,木工匠们都尊称他为祖师爷,流传至今,在我国的木工匠都尊称他为先师,并在他诞辰的那一天——阴历六月十三日,大家都非常热烈地庆祝一番。大家都希望承继与发扬鲁班的不屈不挠,不想困难低头的敬业乐业的伟大及崇高的精神。

 

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《成语。班门弄斧》

关于鲁班传说的民间故事,家喻户晓,丰富了源远流长的中华文化。“班门弄斧”这句成语就是一个例证。让我们一起来学用这句成语。

班:鲁班,中国古代的巧匠。在鲁班门前舞弄斧头。比喻在行家面前卖弄本领。用来形容那些不知自量,喜好夸饰自己本领的人。

“班门弄斧”亦作“弄斧班门”。一下是几条书例:

。唐朝柳宗元《王氏伯仲唱和诗序》:“操斧于班惩之门,欺强颜耳。”

。元朝关汉卿《金线池》楔子:“兄弟对着哥哥跟前,怎敢提笔。正是弄斧班门,徒逸笑耳。”

。清朝李汝珍《镜花缘》第五十二回:“闺臣道:“闻得亭亭姐姐学问渊博,妹子何敢班门弄斧,同他乱谈。”

(参考书:成语词典。江苏人民出版社1981年12月第一版)

 

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《讚鲁班》

神州古国有鲁班

土木工艺扬四方

翻山越岭寻创意

渡江涉水传巧艺

炎黄子孙遍天下

胼手胝足奠宏业

继承先师好传统

精益求精攀高峰

 

《鲁班颂》

鲁班

一个光辉的名字

闪耀在土木工艺历史上

发明创造

无私传播

写下土木工艺的辉煌篇章

鲁班

一个崇高的形象

巍立在我们的心上

学习先师

迈向未来

把土木工艺推向世界的新舞台

 

 

 

《老胶树》

 胶工杀树的最后一刀

 写下严厉的判词

 老树胶淌满过千百桶乳汁

 最后一行是苦涩的泪

 风想一裸裸安抚

 老胶树却哭成一团

 人类克隆的恐龙

 朝脚根一咬

 老胶树伏地不起

 觊觎已久的钢牙

 飞旋中把它们井然分尸

 胡须  乱发与累赘的肢趾

 化作烈焰去追逐白云

 骨灰肥沃泥土 报答养育之恩

 躯干和臂膀

 经受剥皮  锯条  浸药和烘烤的酷刑

 大难不死

 转运为稀材与钞票平起平坐

 如今

 它们已脱胎成贵族

 含笑编织形形色色的美梦

 而四方高手出谋划策

 为他们铺展前程

迷糊中

 老胶树被成形  凿洞  出榫  磨滑  喷油

 然后与五金配件安安稳稳睡进纸箱

 翻度大道和大洋

 走进千家万户

 默默无语

 陪伴主人填饱肚子

 或是承受主人的压力

 让他们神游热带广袤的胶林

 (9/2/2002)

 

沈大福 鲁佳璧

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